Definition of Biofuel

What Is Biofuel?


Biofuels are alternatives to conventional fossil-based fuels. Rather than being created from petroleum, biofuels are all derived from biological material (often called biomass), and can be solid (solid biomass fuels), liquid (liquid fuels), or gaseous (biogases).

Biomass options for making biofuels range from hemp seeds, soybeans, sugar cane, rape seed, palm oil, algae, corn oil, used fryer oil, animal fat, agriculture waste such as straw, and virtually any other kind of plant (or animal) material. Even chocolate can be used because of its high fat content! The fats can either be filtered and used straight in modified engines, or they can be chemically altered, as is the case with biodiesel, to be used in conventional engines.

The most commonly used biofuels for motor vehicles are bioethanol and biodiesel. However, biofuels are meant for more than just fueling vehicles. Biofuels can be used in place of natural gas for residential heating, BBQs and much more. Because of their composition, flexibility of form, and wide variety of source materials, they are highly versatile fuels.

  • Renewable because they’re produced using plant and animal fats that can easily be grown or harvested
  • Locally produced by farmers within our own borders
  • A great way to make use of waste materials from the agricultural industry, which also makes them highly affordable
  • Cleaner to burn than conventional fuels, resulting in less pollution and fewer greenhouse gases
  • Biodegradable, meaning they break down much more quickly and easily than fossil fuels
  • Not associated with the destructive natural of oil extraction and refinement
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