How to Plant a Tree

Top Tips for Successfully Planting a Tree

The best time to plant trees in the fall is when it starts to rain again.

Make sure you choose an evergreen or deciduous tree that meets your needs. Fast-forward to the full maturity of the tree to make sure it’s going to survive the location you want to plant it in. Check for overhead wires, perimeter drains, roof lines, shade being cast, branches blocking neighbors’ views – anything that means the tree may have to be cut down in the future!

Tips to planting a tree

  • If you have a natural gas, check where your gas main is before digging.
  • Dig a hole four times wider, and a little deeper than the root ball.
  • If dry, soak the howl with water before planting.
  • If it’s a ball and burlap tree, place it in the hole. Cut the twine at the top and gently pull the top part of the burlap away from the trunk, or remove it entirely, taking care not to break the soil ball about the roots. Handel by lifting from the bottom of the root ball, not by holding the weight with the tree trunk.
  • Position the tree straight up in the centre of the hole.
  • Attach the tree to strong stakes, one on each side. Pound them into the ground to prevent the tree from rocking back and forth during heavy winds. Use non-abrasive ties. Remember to remove stakes and ties after two years at the latest.
  • Mix the soil dug from the hole with compost and mycorrhizal inoculant or aged manure. Use this mix to fill in around the roots. Make sure the trunk flare remains visible at the soil surface – do not bury it.
  • Tamp down to remove airspaces, which encourage fungal diseases around roots.
  • Water it well.


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